Pipelines for the GitLab project

Pipelines for gitlab-org/gitlab and gitlab-org/gitlab-foss (as well as the dev instance's mirrors) are configured in the usual .gitlab-ci.yml which itself includes files under .gitlab/ci/ for easier maintenance.

We're striving to dogfood GitLab CI/CD features and best-practices as much as possible.

Stages

The current stages are:

  • prepare: This stage includes jobs that prepare artifacts that are needed by jobs in subsequent stages.
  • quick-test: This stage includes test jobs that should run first and fail the pipeline early (currently used to run Geo tests when the branch name starts with geo-, geo/, or ends with -geo).
  • test: This stage includes most of the tests, DB/migration jobs, and static analysis jobs.
  • review-prepare: This stage includes a job that build the CNG images that are later used by the (Helm) Review App deployment (see Review Apps for details).
  • review: This stage includes jobs that deploy the GitLab and Docs Review Apps.
  • qa: This stage includes jobs that perform QA tasks against the Review App that is deployed in the previous stage.
  • notification: This stage includes jobs that sends notifications about pipeline status.
  • post-test: This stage includes jobs that build reports or gather data from the previous stages' jobs (e.g. coverage, Knapsack metadata etc.).
  • pages: This stage includes a job that deploys the various reports as GitLab pages (e.g. https://gitlab-org.gitlab.io/gitlab/coverage-ruby/, https://gitlab-org.gitlab.io/gitlab/coverage-javascript/, https://gitlab-org.gitlab.io/gitlab/webpack-report/).

Default image

The default image is currently gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-build-images:ruby-2.6.3-golang-1.11-git-2.22-chrome-73.0-node-12.x-yarn-1.16-postgresql-9.6-graphicsmagick-1.3.33. It includes Ruby 2.6.3, Go 1.11, Git 2.22, Chrome 73, Node 12, Yarn 1.16, PostgreSQL 9.6, and Graphics Magick 1.3.33.

The images used in our pipelines are configured in the gitlab-org/gitlab-build-images project, which is push-mirrored to https://dev.gitlab.org/gitlab/gitlab-build-images for redundancy.

The current version of the build images can be found in the "Used by GitLab CE/EE section".

Default variables

In addition to the predefined variables, each pipeline includes the following variables:

  • RAILS_ENV: "test"
  • NODE_ENV: "test"
  • SIMPLECOV: "true"
  • GIT_DEPTH: "50"
  • GIT_SUBMODULE_STRATEGY: "none"
  • GET_SOURCES_ATTEMPTS: "3"
  • KNAPSACK_RSPEC_SUITE_REPORT_PATH: knapsack/${CI_PROJECT_NAME}/rspec_report-master.json
  • FLAKY_RSPEC_SUITE_REPORT_PATH: rspec_flaky/report-suite.json
  • BUILD_ASSETS_IMAGE: "false"
  • ES_JAVA_OPTS: "-Xms256m -Xmx256m"
  • ELASTIC_URL: "http://elastic:changeme@docker.elastic.co-elasticsearch-elasticsearch:9200"

Common job definitions

Most of the jobs extend from a few CI definitions that are scoped to a single configuration parameter.

These common definitions are:

  • .default-tags: Ensures a job has the gitlab-org tag to ensure it's using our dedicated runners.
  • .default-retry: Allows a job to retry upon unknown_failure, api_failure, runner_system_failure.
  • .default-before_script: Allows a job to use a default before_script definition suitable for Ruby/Rails tasks that may need a database running (e.g. tests).
  • .default-cache: Allows a job to use a default cache definition suitable for Ruby/Rails and frontend tasks.
  • .default-only: Restricts the cases where a job is created. This currently includes master, /^[\d-]+-stable(-ee)?$/ (stable branches), /^\d+-\d+-auto-deploy-\d+$/ (security branches), merge_requests, tags. Note that jobs won't be created for branches with this default configuration.
  • .only-review: Only creates a job for the gitlab-org namespace and if Kubernetes integration is available. Also, prevents a job from being created for master and auto-deploy branches.
  • .only-review-schedules: Same as .only-review but also restrict a job to only run for schedules.
  • .only-canonical-schedules: Only creates a job for scheduled pipelines in the gitlab-org/gitlab and gitlab-org/gitlab-foss projects
  • .use-pg9: Allows a job to use the postgres:9.6 and redis:alpine services.
  • .use-pg10: Allows a job to use the postgres:10.9 and redis:alpine services.
  • .use-pg9-ee: Same as .use-pg9 but also use the docker.elastic.co/elasticsearch/elasticsearch:5.6.12 services.
  • .use-pg10-ee: Same as .use-pg10 but also use the docker.elastic.co/elasticsearch/elasticsearch:5.6.12 services.
  • .only-ee: Only creates a job for the gitlab project.
  • .only-ee-as-if-foss: Same as .only-ee but simulate the FOSS project by setting the FOSS_ONLY='1' environment variable.

Changes detection

If a job extends from .default-only (and most of the jobs should), it can restrict the cases where it should be created based on the changes from a commit or MR by extending from the following CI definitions:

  • .only-code-changes: Allows a job to only be created upon code-related changes.
  • .only-qa-changes: Allows a job to only be created upon QA-related changes.
  • .only-docs-changes: Allows a job to only be created upon docs-related changes.
  • .only-code-qa-changes: Allows a job to only be created upon code-related or QA-related changes.
  • .only-graphql-changes: Allows a job to only be created upon graphql-related changes.

See https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/blob/master/.gitlab/ci/global.gitlab-ci.yml for the list of exact patterns.

Directed acyclic graph

We're using the needs: keyword to execute jobs out of order for the following jobs:

graph RL;
  A[setup-test-env];
  B["gitlab:assets:compile pull-push-cache<br/>(master only)"];
  C[gitlab:assets:compile pull-cache];
  D["cache gems<br/>(master and tags only)"];
  E[review-build-cng];
  F[build-qa-image];
  G[review-deploy];
  G2["schedule:review-deploy<br/>(master only)"];
  H[karma];
  I[jest];
  J["compile-assets pull-push-cache<br/>(master only)"];
  K[compile-assets pull-cache];
  L[webpack-dev-server];
  M[coverage];
  N[pages];
  O[static-analysis];
  P["schedule:package-and-qa<br/>(master schedule only)"];
  Q[package-and-qa];
  R[package-and-qa-manual];
  S["RSpec<br/>(e.g. rspec unit pg9)"]
  T[retrieve-tests-metadata];

subgraph "`prepare` stage"
    A
    F
    K
    J
    T
    end

subgraph "`test` stage"
    B --> |needs| A;
    C --> |needs| A;
    D --> |needs| A;
    H -.-> |needs and depends on| A;
    H -.-> |needs and depends on| K;
    I -.-> |needs and depends on| A;
    I -.-> |needs and depends on| K;
    L -.-> |needs and depends on| A;
    L -.-> |needs and depends on| K;
    O -.-> |needs and depends on| A;
    O -.-> |needs and depends on| K;
    S -.-> |needs and depends on| A;
    S -.-> |needs and depends on| K;
    S -.-> |needs and depends on| T;
    downtime_check --> |needs and depends on| A;
    db:* --> |needs| A;
    gitlab:setup --> |needs| A;
    downtime_check --> |needs and depends on| A;
    graphql-docs-verify --> |needs| A;
    end

subgraph "`review-prepare` stage"
    E --> |needs| C;
    X["schedule:review-build-cng<br/>(master schedule only)"] --> |needs| C;
    end

subgraph "`review` stage"
    G --> |needs| E;
    G2 --> |needs| E;
    end

subgraph "`qa` stage"
    Q --> |needs| C;
    Q --> |needs| F;
    R --> |needs| C;
    R --> |needs| F;
    P --> |needs| C;
    P --> |needs| F;
    review-qa-smoke -.-> |needs and depends on| G;
    review-qa-all -.-> |needs and depends on| G;
    review-performance -.-> |needs and depends on| G;
    X2["schedule:review-performance<br/>(master only)"] -.-> |needs and depends on| G2;
    dast -.-> |needs and depends on| G;
    end

subgraph "`notification` stage"
    NOTIFICATION1["schedule:package-and-qa:notify-success<br>(on_success)"] -.-> |needs| P;
    NOTIFICATION2["schedule:package-and-qa:notify-failure<br>(on_failure)"] -.-> |needs| P;
    end

subgraph "`post-test` stage"
    M
    end

subgraph "`pages` stage"
    N -.-> |depends on| C;
    N -.-> |depends on| H;
    N -.-> |depends on| M;
    end

Test jobs

Consult GitLab tests in the Continuous Integration (CI) context for more information.

Review app jobs

Consult the Review Apps dedicated page for more information.


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