Health Check (CORE ONLY)

  • Liveness and readiness probes were introduced in GitLab 9.1.
  • The health_check endpoint was introduced in GitLab 8.8 and was deprecated in GitLab 9.1.
  • Access token has been deprecated in GitLab 9.4 in favor of IP whitelist.

GitLab provides liveness and readiness probes to indicate service health and reachability to required services. These probes report on the status of the database connection, Redis connection, and access to the filesystem. These endpoints can be provided to schedulers like Kubernetes to hold traffic until the system is ready or restart the container as needed.

IP whitelist

To access monitoring resources, the requesting client IP needs to be included in a whitelist. For details, see how to add IPs to a whitelist for the monitoring endpoints.

Using the endpoints locally

With default whitelist settings, the probes can be accessed from localhost using the following URLs:

GET http://localhost/-/health
GET http://localhost/-/readiness
GET http://localhost/-/liveness

Health

Checks whether the application server is running. It does not verify the database or other services are running. This endpoint circumvents Rails Controllers and is implemented as additional middleware BasicHealthCheck very early into the request processing lifecycle.

GET /-/health

Example request:

curl 'https://gitlab.example.com/-/health'

Example response:

GitLab OK

Readiness

The readiness probe checks whether the GitLab instance is ready to accept traffic via Rails Controllers. The check by default does validate only instance-checks.

If the all=1 parameter is specified, the check will also validate the dependent services (Database, Redis, Gitaly etc.) and gives a status for each.

GET /-/readiness
GET /-/readiness?all=1

Example request:

curl 'https://gitlab.example.com/-/readiness'

Example response:

{
   "master_check":[{
      "status":"failed",
      "message": "unexpected Master check result: false"
   }],
   ...
}

On failure, the endpoint will return a 503 HTTP status code.

This check does hit the database and Redis if authenticated via token.

This check is being exempt from Rack Attack.

Liveness

DANGER: Warning: In Gitlab 12.4 the response body of the Liveness check was changed to match the example below.

Checks whether the application server is running. This probe is used to know if Rails Controllers are not deadlocked due to a multi-threading.

GET /-/liveness

Example request:

curl 'https://gitlab.example.com/-/liveness'

Example response:

On success, the endpoint will return a 200 HTTP status code, and a response like below.

{
   "status": "ok"
}

On failure, the endpoint will return a 503 HTTP status code.

This check is being exempt from Rack Attack.

Access token (Deprecated)

NOTE: Note: Access token has been deprecated in GitLab 9.4 in favor of IP whitelist.

An access token needs to be provided while accessing the probe endpoints. The current accepted token can be found under the Admin area ➔ Monitoring ➔ Health check (admin/health_check) page of your GitLab instance.

access token

The access token can be passed as a URL parameter:

https://gitlab.example.com/-/readiness?token=ACCESS_TOKEN