Commit 1cb2e1b6 authored by Fantu's avatar Fantu
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Start to add Squeeze support

parent a3aa99b8
# It is recommended to use a clean (fresh) Debian Squeeze install where you just selected "Standard System" as the package selection during
# setup. Then follow the steps below to setup your server with ISPConfig 3. In this guide "vi" is used as texteditor, but you ofcourse
# you can use whatever you prefer. You should be root for doing all of this.
# Check we have Fully Qualified Domain Name
# it should return something like ""
# if not, then we assign a hostname (for example ispconfig):
echo > /etc/hostname
vi /etc/hosts
# and add lines similar but appropriate: localhost.localdomain localhost ispconfig
# Some optional choices
opt0.1) Optionally install SSH-server to get remote shell
apt-get install ssh openssh-server
opt0.2) Optionally if you are not running in virtual machine you can set server clocksync via NTP. Virtual quests get this from the host.
apt-get install ntp ntpdate
# Next is the real deal
1) Install Postfix, Courier, Saslauthd, MySQL, phpMyAdmin, rkhunter, binutils with the following command line (on one line!):
apt-get install postfix postfix-mysql postfix-doc mysql-client mysql-server courier-authdaemon courier-authlib-mysql courier-pop courier-pop-ssl courier-imap courier-imap-ssl libsasl2-2 libsasl2-modules libsasl2-modules-sql sasl2-bin libpam-mysql openssl courier-maildrop getmail4 rkhunter binutils
# Answer the questions from the package manager as follows.
Create directories for web-based administration ? <-- No
General type of configuration? <-- Internet site
Mail name? <-- server1.mydomain.tld
SSL certificate required <-- Ok
# ...use your own domain name of course ;)
# Edit the file /etc/mysql/my.cnf
vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf
# and change the line:
bind-address =
#bind-address =
# then restart mysql
/etc/init.d/mysql restart
2) Install Amavisd-new, Spamassassin and Clamav (1 line!):
apt-get install amavisd-new spamassassin clamav clamav-daemon zoo unzip bzip2 arj nomarch lzop cabextract apt-listchanges libnet-ldap-perl libauthen-sasl-perl clamav-docs daemon libio-string-perl libio-socket-ssl-perl libnet-ident-perl zip libnet-dns-perl
# During the installation, the SSL certificates for IMAP-SSL and POP3-SSL are created with the hostname localhost. To change this to the correct hostname ( in this tutorial), delete the certificates...
cd /etc/courier
rm -f /etc/courier/imapd.pem
rm -f /etc/courier/pop3d.pem
# ... and modify the following two files; replace CN=localhost with (you can also modify the other values, if necessary):
vi /etc/courier/imapd.cnf
vi /etc/courier/pop3d.cnf
# Then recreate the certificates...
# ... and restart Courier-IMAP-SSL and Courier-POP3-SSL:
/etc/init.d/courier-imap-ssl restart
/etc/init.d/courier-pop-ssl restart
3) Install apache, PHP5, phpmyadmin, better fastCGI, suexec, Pear and mcrypt (1 line!):
apt-get install apache2 apache2.2-common apache2-doc apache2-mpm-prefork apache2-utils libexpat1 ssl-cert libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-common php5-gd php5-mysql php5-imap phpmyadmin php5-cli php5-cgi libapache2-mod-fcgid apache2-suexec php-pear php-auth php5-mcrypt mcrypt php5-imagick imagemagick libapache2-mod-suphp libopenssl-ruby
# When phpMyAdmin is asking weather to configure itself automatically, select "Apache2"
# Then run the following to enable the Apache modules suexec, rewrite and ssl:
a2enmod suexec rewrite ssl actions include
# restart apache before continuing
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart
4) Install pure-ftpd and quota
apt-get install pure-ftpd-common pure-ftpd-mysql quota quotatool
# Edit the file /etc/default/pure-ftpd-common to change the start mode from "inetd" to "standalone"
and set VIRTUALCHROOT=true
vi /etc/default/pure-ftpd-common
# Edit the file /etc/inetd.conf to prevent inetd from trying to start ftp.
# To do this, comment line starting like "ftp stream tcp" by adding "#"-sign in front of the line.
vi /etc/inetd.conf
# Then execute:
/etc/init.d/openbsd-inetd restart
# Some additional settings for pureftpd
echo 'yes' > /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/DontResolve
# Enable TLS in pureftpd
echo 1 > /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/TLS
mkdir -p /etc/ssl/private/
openssl req -x509 -nodes -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem
chmod 600 /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem
# Edit /etc/fstab. Mine looks like this (I added ,usrquota,grpquota to the partition with the mount point /):
vi /etc/fstab
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
/dev/sda1 / ext4 errors=remount-ro,usrquota,grpquota 0 1
/dev/sda5 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/hda /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto 0 0
/dev/fd0 /media/floppy0 auto rw,user,noauto 0 0
# To enable quota, run these commands:
touch /quota.user /
chmod 600 /quota.*
mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug
5) Install mydns
apt-get install g++ libc6 gcc gawk make texinfo libmysqlclient15-dev
cd /tmp
tar xvfz mydns-
cd mydns-1.2.8
make install
# Now create the start / stop script for mydns:
vi /etc/init.d/mydns
# and enter the following lines (between the ----- lines):
#! /bin/sh
# mydns Start the MyDNS server
# Author: Philipp Kern <>.
# Based upon skeleton 1.9.4 by Miquel van Smoorenburg
# <> and Ian Murdock <>.
set -e
DESC="DNS server"
# Gracefully exit if the package has been removed.
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0
case "$1" in
echo -n "Starting $DESC: $NAME"
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet \
--exec $DAEMON -- -b
echo "."
echo -n "Stopping $DESC: $NAME"
start-stop-daemon --stop --oknodo --quiet \
--exec $DAEMON
echo "."
echo -n "Reloading $DESC configuration..."
start-stop-daemon --stop --signal HUP --quiet \
--exec $DAEMON
echo "done."
echo -n "Restarting $DESC: $NAME"
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --oknodo \
--exec $DAEMON
sleep 1
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet \
--exec $DAEMON -- -b
echo "."
echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload}" >&2
exit 1
exit 0
# now execute:
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mydns
update-rc.d mydns defaults
6) Install vlogger and webalizer
apt-get install vlogger webalizer
Change the following line in /etc/webalizer/webalizer.conf from
#Incremental no
Incremental yes
7) Install Jailkit (optional, only needed if you want to use chrroting for SSH users)
apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake1.9 libtool flex bison debhelper
cd /tmp
tar xvfz jailkit-2.7.tar.gz
cd jailkit-2.7
./debian/rules binary
cd ..
dpkg -i jailkit_2.7-1_*.deb
rm -rf jailkit-2.7*
8) Install fail2ban (optional but recomended, because the monitor tries to show the log)
More info at:
apt-get install fail2ban
9) Install ISPConfig 3
# There are two possile scenarios, but not both:
9.1) Install the latest released version
9.2) Install directly from SVN
9.1) Installation of last version from tar.gz
cd /tmp
tar xvfz ISPConfig-
cd ispconfig3_install/install/
9.2) Installation from SVN
apt-get install subversion
cd /tmp
svn export svn://
cd trunk/install
9.1+9.2) Now proceed with the ISPConfig installation.
# Now start the installation process by executing:
php -q install.php
# The installer will configure all services like postfix, sasl, courier, etc. for you. A manual setup as required for ISPConfig 2 (perfect setup guides) is not nescessary. To login to the ISPConfig controlpanel, open the following URL in your browser (replace the IP to match your settings!):
# the default login is:
user: admin
password: admin
# In case you get a permission denied error from apache, please restart the apache webserver process.
Install a webbased Email Client
apt-get install squirrelmail
ln -s /usr/share/squirrelmail/ /var/www/webmail
Access squirrelmail:
To configure squirrelmail, run:
debian 5.0 under openvz:
vzctl set $VPSID --capability ${CAP}:on --save
Optional recommended packages:
denyhosts - a utility to help sys admins thwart ssh crackers
rsync - fast remote file copy program (for backup)
Possible errors and their solutions
pureftpd login does not work. Take a look at the syslog, if you find an error message like this:
Mar 24 16:26:28 ispconfig pure-ftpd: (?@?) [ERROR] Sorry, invalid address given
then pureftpd is not able to resolve the hostname. Name resolving can be disabled with these commands:
echo 'yes' > /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/DontResolve
/etc/init.d/pure-ftpd-mysql restart
......@@ -72,12 +72,18 @@ function get_distname() {
$distid = 'debian40';
$distbaseid = 'debian';
swriteln("Operating System: Debian 4.0 or compatible\n");
} elseif(strstr(trim(file_get_contents('/etc/debian_version')),'5.0') || trim(file_get_contents('/etc/debian_version')) == 'lenny/sid') {
} elseif(strstr(trim(file_get_contents('/etc/debian_version')),'5.0')) {
$distname = 'Debian';
$distver = 'Lenny/Sid';
$distver = 'Lenny';
$distid = 'debian40';
$distbaseid = 'debian';
swriteln("Operating System: Debian Lenny/Sid or compatible\n");
swriteln("Operating System: Debian Lenny or compatible\n");
} elseif(strstr(trim(file_get_contents('/etc/debian_version')),'6.0') || trim(file_get_contents('/etc/debian_version')) == 'squeeze/sid') {
$distname = 'Debian';
$distver = 'Squeeze/Sid';
$distid = 'debian40';
$distbaseid = 'debian';
swriteln("Operating System: Debian Squeeze/Sid or compatible\n");
} else {
$distname = 'Debian';
$distver = 'Unknown';
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